Organic gardening is not a new concept, although it is currently emerging as a popular trend. Actually people were using organic techniques to grow food back at the ancient times. Organic gardening evolved as a natural outcome of the raising concerns about the food quality and the impact of toxic chemicals on the environment.
Whether you are starting your first garden or you are swapping to conventional methods for the organic solutions, you need to understand the basics. Here is a walk through to all aspects of organic gardening – from the seed and site selection to the regular maintenance and harvest.
What is organic gardening?
Organic gardening is designed to work with the natural environment and to have minimal impact on the eco – systems. This means that you don’t use any synthetic products such as fertilizers and pesticides to grow your plants. There is a common misconception that organic methods are expensive, inefficient and impractical. Since you don’t need to buy synthetic products, the only thing you need to invest is effort and time. In the long term, however, your costs will go down and you will enjoy delicious and toxic – free food.
Choose the Right Plants
When deciding what types of plants you want to get, take into consideration the specifics of your location. Whether you are growing indoors or outdoors, you need to determine the microclimate of your site and the light exposure. For example, if your garden receives a lot of sunshine and you have a lot of space, you can consider planting sun – loving veggies and fruits like tomatoes and cherries. On the other hand, shady and cool area is more appropriate for greenery such as herbs and strawberries. It’s important to select plants that suit your location and climate. Native greenery is more resistant to diseases and requires less maintenance like watering.
Improve Your Soil
Good soil is the key to strong and healthy plants. You can use composted bark, leaf mould and garden compost. Spread across your garden and dug into the soil. The bulk is great for improving the drainage and preserves the moisture and nutrients in the soil.
Create your own compost from grass clippings, dried leafs and branches and other garden waste. Use the kitchen left – overs like peelings, food scraps, egg shells, tea bags and other type of organic matter as a fertilizer.
Natural Pest Control
There are different ways to control the maleficent insects, diseases and weeds, without using volatile pesticides.
• Companion planting – plant strongly scented greenery around your veggies to keep the pests away. For instance, grow marigolds near the tomatoes to deter the whiteflies. Lavender looks and smells great and will repel most insects like moths, fleas and mosquitoes.
• Natural predators – instead of reaching for the chemicals, invite the wildlife in your garden. Some animals and insects are great at fighting the pests. Ladybugs will take care of the aphids, while ladybirds and lacewing will eliminate the greenflies.
• Natural Disease Control – one of the best ways to prevent dieses is by changing the position of your plants each tear. This will reduce the build up of dieses in the soil.
Although organic gardening involves less input costs, it requires considerably more skills. You need to regularly inspect your plants to prevent major issues. Organic gardening is worth the dedication, as you will get healthy food and preserve the environment.