Plants need nutrients from soil to grow and flourish. Unfortunately, soil minerals aren’t always enough to foster a healthy growth. Every garden owner would have to learn how to nourish or fertilize their soil for a healthy and beautiful garden. In choosing fertilizers for the garden one must consider the type of soil used and the kind of plant that you want to grow. Having your soil tested will give you an idea on the best plants to grow and the best fertilizer to use for your garden.
Garden soil is commonly used for outdoor gardens and potted soil, potting mix, or substrates are indoor garden options. Each of these options has inherent nutrients that can help the plant grow but it may not be enough to keep them healthy. There are three types of fertilizers that you can avail of. These are organic, chemical, and synthetic.
Organic fertilizers are made from 100% natural materials, chemical fertilizers may contain both organic and man-made ingredients, while synthetic fertilizers make use of man-made components only. Chemical and synthetic fertilizers are commonly made up of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorous, some may also include some trace minerals, magnesium, and calcium. Those who opt for chemical and synthetic fertilizers need to follow package instructions carefully or they may harm their plants and pollute the groundwater. The best fertilizer, especially for those who are growing vegetable and herb gardens, is usually the organic type.
Organic fertilizers are readily available in garden shops, home depot outlets, and online. But there are also homemade ones that can save on costs and save the environment as well. One of the most widely used organic fertilizers is the compost. This is usually made from a combination of lawn clippings, vegetable peelings, fallen leaves, and food scraps that went through the composting process. The end product or compost is worked into the soil before planting. Once the plant is established, working the compost in the soil can be resumed and continued as needed. The compost may also be turned into a liquid form by steeping it in water, or making compost tea. For most people, compost is the best fertilizer for organic farming but it is not the only option. Other organic alternatives are manure from grass fed animals, fish and seaweed emulsion, Vermicomposting, and commercially available organic fertilizers.
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